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Enforcement Data and Results (EPA)
EPA's enforcement and compliance assurance program uses data in many areas, including managing the program and assessing performance. This page offers links to online data sources, as well as information about reports and data systems.
Summary of Criminal Prosecutions (EPA)
The Summary of Criminal Prosecutions resulting from environmental investigations provides information on concluded criminal enforcement cases, by the U.S. Government's fiscal year (October to September).
TRAC Reports: Fewer Criminal Prosecutions of Environmental Crimes Under Trump
he latest available data from the Justice Department shows that during FY 2019 the government reported 302 new environment prosecutions. Environmental prosecutions under Trump have averaged 306 per year. According to case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University, this number was fewer than during any year of the Obama, Bush, or Clinton Administrations going back to the mid 1990's.
Office of Law Enforcement Annual Reports (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service)
Includes statistical summaries of investigative caseloads, violations (varies by year).
Special Data Collections on Environmental Crime (2006-2011) (UNODC)
Illegal movement or dumping of waste, environmental pollution offenses and convictions, illegal trade in endangered species.
Wildlife Crime (UNODC)
Wildlife seizures trends and origins/destinations of seized products.
World Wildlife Crime Report 2020 (UNODC)
The report shows wildlife crime to be a business that is global; lucrative, with high demand driving high prices; and extremely widespread. Nearly 6,000 different species of fauna and flora have been seized between 1999 and 2018, with nearly every country in the world playing a role in the illicit wildlife trade.
TRAFFIC Wildlife Trade Portal
The most comprehensive open-access repository of wildlife seizure data. The Wildlife Trade Portal is an interactive tool that displays TRAFFIC’s open-source wildlife seizure and incident data. Registration required.
Dataset of seized wildlife and their intended uses
Dataset and code from "Dataset of seized wildlife and their intended uses", by Stringham OC, Moncayo S, Thomas E, Heinrich S, Toomes A, Maher J, Hill KGW, Mitchell L, Ross JV, Cassey P. Submitted to peer review, PDF for pre print forthcoming.
CITES Trade Database
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.
Global Environmental Crime Tracker (EIA)
At EIA, we monitor, collect and analyse data on the illegal trade in wildlife, timber and dangerous global warming refrigerant gases. Our staff collate seizures, arrests and prosecution records to help build a picture of the current scale of environmental crime and abuse. We track the global trends through dashboards and maps that illustrate the smuggling and trafficking hotspots as well as the transportation routes and we chart the links between the criminal networks and key individuals
Illegal Cheetah Trade
The most extensive dataset relevant to seized and non-intercepted illegal trade in live cheetahs and cheetah parts for the decade 2010-2019, spanning over 300 sources and 56 countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Europe, Oceania and North America. It includes 1,886 individual incidents involving at least 4,000 cheetahs or cheetah parts or products likely or confirmed to breach national laws or CITES regulations.