National Endowment for the Arts (NEA). The NEA conducts annual surveys on arts participation that include statistical data by regional and demographic information.
Arts Data Profile Series
U.S. Census: Economic Census. This census is conducted every five years. It tabulates the number, location, and size of businesses. Search by industry using NAICS (North American Industry Classification System). For arts administration research use NAICS Code 71 (Arts, Entertainment, Recreation) and its subsections:
7111 Performing Arts Companies: 71111 Theater Companies and Dinner Theaters, 71112 Dance Companies, 71113 Musical Groups and Artists, 71119 Other Performing Arts Companies
712 Museums, Historical Sites and Similar Institutions: 71211 Museums, 71212 Historical Sites, 71213 Zoos and Botanical Gardens, 71219 Nature Parks and other Similar Institutions
7113 Promoters of Performing Arts
7114 Art Agents and Managers
7115 Independent Artist (Fine Art), Writers, Performers
Example: Museums (NAICS 71211): Industry Snapshot
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: American Time Use Survey (ATU). Measures the amount of time people spend on various activities. Data sets by year can be found here; arts are under “Sports and Leisure” which can be found in the list of activities on the right-hand side of the screen.
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE). The program involves two surveys: the Quarterly Interview Survey and the Diary Survey. Data includes expenditures, income, consumer unit. Click on a table and scroll down to “Entertainment.”