Congressional committee hearings contain the testimony of government officials and private individuals invited to appear before the committee to argue for or against passage of a bill. Hearings are used to find the range of views and interest groups associated with a bill. Most, but not all, hearings are printed.
After the title, put "Hearing, [date of hearing]."
Committee prints are the working papers and reports of committees. The Senate has an official numbering system for them (since 1983), but the House does not.
U.S. Senate. Committee on Rules and Administration. Expenditure Authorizations and Requirements for Senate Committees(S.Prt. 112-2). Washington: Government Printing Office, 2011. (Y4.R86/2:S.PRT.112-2).
U.S. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. National Trails System Act Amendments of 1980. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1980. (Y4.In8/14:T68).
Use the name of the main committee, not the subcommittee. If more than one committee is listed, use the first one. If it is a joint committee of both houses of Congress, then put "U.S. Congress" instead of the individual house and cite the joint committee as in the example below.
U.S. Congress. Committees on Foreign Relations of the U.S. Senate and the International Relations of the U.S. House of Representative. Annual Report on International Religious Freedom: 2000. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2000.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) serves as shared staff to congressional committees and Members of Congress. CRS experts assist at every stage of the legislative process — from the early considerations that precede bill drafting, through committee hearings and floor debate, to the oversight of enacted laws and various agency activities.
For more information about the functions of this group, see Library of Congress - About CRS
For each citation, include:
The issuing agency: U.S. Congressional Research Service
Report number and date
Name of the personal author, if provided
Database name (Text from: Congressional Research Digital Collection)
Web service name (Available from: LexisNexis® Congressional)
Date accessed by the user (Accessed: date)
Note: Report number must include date of issuance because CRS reports are frequently issued in multiple iterations
U.S. Congressional Research Service. Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy (RL30588; Oct. 7, 2003), by Kenneth Katzman. Text in: LexisNexis® Congressional Research Digital Collection; Accessed: December 10, 2005.