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Fake News and News Bias


"The Five Filters of the Mass Media Machine" based on the book Manufacturing Consent Mugar Stacks P96.E25 H47 2002.

Chomsky's Propaganda Model says American media have "filters" which together emphasize institutional memory, limited debate and media content emphasizing the interests of those in control.

Article Databases

Selected Books & Articles

Stone, Daniel F. "Ideological media bias". Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization Volume 78, Issue 3, May 2011, pp.256–271

Esser, Frank ; Umbricht, Andrea. "The Evolution of Objective and Interpretative Journalism in the Western Press." Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 2014, Vol.91(2), pp.229-249

 Cramer, Peter; Eisenhart, Christopher. "Examining Readers’ Evaluations of Objectivity and Bias in News Discourse." Written Communication, Jul 2014, Vol. 31 Issue 3, pp.280-303

Morris, Jonathan S. "Slanted objectivity? Perceived media bias, cable news exposure, and political attitudes." Social Science Quarterly, Vol 88(3), Sep, 2007 pp. 707-728

BU LIbraries

historical news

An item published in The Lebanon Express, in 1893, describes state legislation introduced to combat “fake news.” (Library of Congress)