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Fake News and News Bias


"The Five Filters of the Mass Media Machine" based on the book Manufacturing Consent Mugar Stacks P96.E25 H47 2002.

Chomsky's Propaganda Model says American media have "filters" which together emphasize institutional memory, limited debate and media content emphasizing the interests of those in control.

Article Databases

Selected Books

Selected Periodical Articles


Historical news

An item published in The Lebanon Express, in 1893, describes state legislation introduced to combat “fake news.” (Library of Congress)