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CFA AR 890/AR 690 (online): Art Education Research

All About Citations

A citation in APA Style of a journal article:
Hoekstra, Marike. (2015). The Problematic Nature of the Artist Teacher Concept and Implications for Pedagogical Practice. International Journal of Art & Design Education, 34(3), 349-357.
See the APA Style website.
See APA Style from The Purdue Owl.

Citing Sources

Why cite?
1. to recognize and credit an author’s work and ideas.
2. to enable the reader of your paper to find the article (or book, etc.) and read it.
3. to avoid possible copyright and plagiarism problems.

In citing your sources, you are required to follow the APA (American Psychological Association) Style Guide.

Most of the research tools you use will do it for you:

BULS  Click on Save/Email.  Click on Citation.  Select APA.

EBSCOhost Art Full Text.  Under Tools, click on Cite and select APA.

Google Scholar.  Click on Cite.  Select APA.

RefWorks.  Click on Create Bibliography. Select APA.

Who has cited the article? Cited reference searching.

Finding out who has referred to your article connects you to the scholarly “conversation” or discussion of the topic and research.  You may find articles that agree and other articles that disagree with your author’s methodology, interpretation, conclusions, etc.  Some articles may use your author’s data sets.  You also can use these articles to evaluate your author’s findings and to decide whether or not to refer to the article in your paper.

Web of Science: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) Choose "Cited Reference Search."

Google Scholar See Cited by #.

Cited References: How do I Find Who Cited an Article or Book Library Guide.


Proper citation is an essential aspect of scholarship. Citing properly allows your reader or audience to locate the materials you have used. Most importantly, citations give credit to the authors of quoted or consulted information. Failure to acknowledge sources of information properly may constitute plagiarism.  For an explicit definition of plagiarism, see the Boston University Academic Conduct Code.


Your professor will review plagiarism with you.  The website below offers examples of how to paraphrase and cite the original source.

Avoiding Plagiarism, University of Arizona Libraries.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluating Information, Johns Hopkins University.  A guide to evaluating sources including internet resources and social media plus a presentation on "peer review."