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AS413: Extragalactic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Creating Bibliographies

To learn about the various citation managers and to create a free Refworks account, please see:

Why Evaluate Sources?

Evaluating the sources that you are using for your research or paper is very important. Why? Because all information is not created equal! A research paper should use scholarly information -- published research results in journal articles written by scholars or professionals who are experts in their fields. This is very important. One way to determine the credibility of your source is to use the CRAAP Test

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CRAAP Test (4 minute video) 

The 5 W's of Information Evaluation

Use the 5W's to evaluate the quality of the information you find on websites.


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Video Link



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Mary Foppiani
Science & Engineering Library
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