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Citing Your Sources: CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style

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Scientific Style and Format: the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers


Scientific Style and Format
Style Manual Committee, Council of Science Editors.
8th ed. Cambridge University Press, 2014
Location: Science & Engineering Library T11.S386 2014 

See Chapter 30: 
Citations and References pages 617-676 
Citing electronic sources pages 665-669

Survey Reports IconCSE style has two main variations:

the Citation-Sequence system (see page 619-622)
the Name-Year system (see pages 619-620)

The following examples use the Name-Year system.

Survey Reports IconCSE citation style has two parts: in-text citation and a reference list.

The in-text citation includes the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication of the document enclosed in citation: (Sawin 2004)

The reference list is included at the end of the document. Reference list entries are arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author, editor, or other individual or entity.Names are formatted as Last, Initials.reference list entry: Sawin, JL. 2004. Mainstreaming renewable energy in the 21st century. Washington, DC. Worldwatch Institute. 76 p.

  • Books

    General format: Author/editor. Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. #pages.
    Example: Sorensen, B. 2004. Renewable energy : its physics, engineering, use, environmental impacts, economy, and planning aspects. 3rd ed. Boston : Elsevier Academic Press. 928 p.

  • Chapter or other part of a book

    General format: Author of selection. Year. Title of selection. In: Author/editor of book. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Pages of selection.
    Example: Singleton P, Sainsbury D. 2001. Dictionary of microbiology and molecular biology. 3rd ed. New York: J Wiley. Plasmid; p 593-4.

  • Conference proceedings

    General format: Editor. Year. Title of publication or conference. Name of conference; dates of conference; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher. Total number of pages.
    Example: Dubois DM, editor. 2004. Computing anticipatory systems. CASYS 2003 – Sixth International Conference; 2003 August 11-16; Liege, Belgium. Melville, NY: American Institute of Physics. 602 p.

  • Conference papers

    General format: Author of the paper. Date of publication. Title of the paper. Connective phrase [In]: editor of the proceedings. Title of the publication, or name of conference, or both; dates of the conference; place of the conference. Place of publication: publisher. Paper pages.
    Example: Rossler OE. 2004. Nonlinear dynamics, artificial cognition and galactic export. In: Dubois DM, editor. Computing anticipatory systems. CASYS 2003 – Sixth International Conference; 2003 August 11-16; Liege, Belgium. Melville, NY: American Institute of Physics. p 47-67.

  • Journal article

    General format: Author. Year (or Date). Title of article. Title of journal. Volume and issue number. Page numbers. URL in angle brackets. Date accessed.
    Example: Bisagni C, Mirandola, C. 2005. Experimental and numerical investigation of crash behavior of composite helicopter cruciform elements. Journal of the American Helicopter Society 50(1): 107-116.
    Example: Cavalcanti A. 2003. Assembly automation with evolutionary nanorobots and sensor-based control applied to nanomedicine. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology.  2(2): 82 – 87.  {} Accessed April 7, 2020

  • Websites

    General format: Author. Title [medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of Publication [Date of update/Date of citation]. Availability.
    Example: Animal Welfare Information Center [Internet]. Beltsville (MD): National Agricultural Library (US); [updated April 14, 2005; cited April 7, 2020]. Available from:

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