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WR150: Modern American Liberalism and its Critics (Lucas)

Manage Your Citations

Citation Managers (aka Bibliographic Managers) are tools you can use to:

  • Save your references 
  • Organize those references
  • Format works cited lists 
  • Add in-text citations to the body of a document
  • Share references with others
  • Collaborate

For an overview of these tools, including how to select and use the best one for your needs, see the BU Libraries Research Guide:
Create Bibliographies.

Why Cite?

Why Cite?

The detailed rules of citation styles can seem arbitrary. It is helpful to remember that the point of citation is to become part of the scholarly conversation: this cycle of creation, dissemination, evaluation, critique, and exchange of ideas is an essential aspect of scholarship. Citation helps your reader to locate the materials you have used, and allows you to properly credit other researchers' ideas in your work.

You may be asked to use a specific citation style. Some disciplines have their own style. Part of developing mastery in your discipline will be becoming versed in the style you are expected to use.

Failure to acknowledge sources of information properly may constitute plagiarism. For an explicit definition of plagiarism, see the Boston University Academic Conduct Code.

Citing Chicago Style

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style

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What's in a Citation?

All citation styles include the basic elements necessary to identify your sources. The order they go in and the level of detail you need may vary by citation style and the type of material you are citing.

  • author
  • title
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • volume and issue numbers (for journal articles)
  • doi (Digital Object Identifier)