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WR152, K7: Boston Public Art Now

How Do I Cite That?

Citing Sources

Why cite?

l.  to recognize and credit an author's work and ideas.

2. to enable the reader of your paper to find the article (or book, webpage, etc.) and read it.

3. to avoid possible copyright and plagiarism problems.

Most of the research sources you use to find information provide citations in several citation styles (APA, MLA, Chicago) you can copy/paste.

Who has cited the article (or book)? Cited reference searching.

Finding out who has referred to your article connects you to the scholarly "conversation" or discussion of the topic.  You might find articles that agree and other articles that disagree with your author's methodology, interpretation, analysis, conclusions, etc.  After reading a few articles and reflecting on their point of view, you will be able to draw your own conclusions about the authors' perspectives.

How Was the Book Reviewed? Masterful! Flawed!

Books are reviewed by scholars and researchers working in the same general area.

Some book reviewers, though, may be from another discipline and have a different point of view.

Book reviews are published as short articles in journals or entries in publications of scholarly institutions.

How to find book reviews:

1.  In the BULS search box, type (or copy/paste) the complete title of the book within quotation marks.  The results usually begin with the "record" of the book and continue with review(s). Or, use the "Reviews" filter on the right-hand side of the screen. 
Example: "Public art: theory, practice and populism"

2.  Article Databases such as


Your professor will review plagiarism with you.  The website below provides examples of how to paraphrase and correctly cite the original source.

What are peer-reviewed articles?

Many of the articles you find by searching BULS, Google Scholar, and the article databases, e.g., MLA Bibliography, are peer-reviewed.  Some articles are designated as "peer-reviewed" but they are actually  "scholarly/academic."   What is the difference?

Peer-reviewed (sometimes called "Refereed"). Before articles are accepted for publication, they are closely read and critiqued by several scholars who study and do research in the same or a similar subject area.

Scholarly/academic.  These articles might be written by researchers but are accepted for publication by the journal's editor (or editorial staff) without peer review.