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Engineering Product Innovation

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab)

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects.

Citing Your Sources

Proper citation is essential. Citing properly allows your reader or audience to locate the materials you have used. Citations give credit to the authors of quoted or consulted information. Failure to acknowledge sources of information properly may constitute plagiarism.  For an explicit definition of plagiarism, see the Boston University Academic Conduct Code.

For detailed instructions on how to cite within the text of your paper, please consult a style manual listed below.

BU Librarians often recommend refworks RefWorks as the best tool to manage citations. Accounts are free for the BU community.  RefWorks can automatically create a bibliography in hundreds of styles. Here are some other popular citation managers:

  • Mendeley a free reference manager and PDF organizer.  Mendeley’s features include:
  • Zotero a free, web browser-based toll that allows you to:
  • Quick Bibliography Generators

CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style

Some Engineering Publication Styles / Author Guidelines

  • IEEE REFERENCE GUIDE- Citation style for Electrical Engineering from the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
     
  • ASME: References Citation style for Mechanical Engineering from the American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
  • Communications of the ACM: Author Guidelines Citation style for Computer Science and Computer Engineering from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

Most Engineering Professional Societies have a "style" and instructions for author or Author Guidelines on their website or in their publication.

NLM (National Library of Medicine Style)

Citing Medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers

The official style manual for the National Library of Medicine (NLM), and suggested when citing documents from the associated databases MedLine and PubMed. The online edition supercedes the print edition as the most up to date.

Engineering & Mathematics Librarian