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CL 351: Research

November 5, 2020

How do I cite?

Citing Sources

Why cite?
1. to recognize and credit an author’s work and ideas.
2. to enable the reader of your paper to find the article (or book, etc.) and read it.
3. to avoid possible copyright and plagiarism problems.

 

Most of the research tools you use provide citations you can copy/paste.

What are peer-reviewed articles?

Many of the articles you find by searching BULS, Google Scholar, and the article databases, e.g., MLA Bibliography, are peer-reviewed.  Some articles are designated as "peer-reviewed" but they are actually  "scholarly/academic."   What is the difference?

Peer-reviewed (sometimes called "Refereed"). Before articles are accepted for publication, they are closely read and critiqued by several scholars who study and do research in the same or a similar subject area.

Scholarly/academic.  These articles might be written by researchers but are accepted for publication by the journal's editor (or editorial staff) without peer review. (Some databases use this designation for peer-reviewed.)

Who has cited the article (or book)? Cited reference searching.

Finding out who has referred to your article connects you to the scholarly “conversation” or discussion of the topic.  You might find articles that agree and other articles that disagree with your author’s methodology, interpretation, conclusions, etc.   After reading a few articles and reflecting on their point of view, you will be able to draw your own conclusions about the authors' perspectives.

How Was the Book Reviewed? Masterful! Flawed!

Books are reviewed by scholars and researchers working in the same general area.  
Some book reviewers might be from another discipline and have a different perspective.

Book reviews are published as journal articles or published by scholarly institutions.  

  
In the BULS search box, type (or copy/paste) the complete title of the book within quotation marks.  The results begin with the BOOK and follow with REVIEW(s).     

  Example: click on--

Plagiarism

Your professor will review plagiarism with you.  The website below provides examples of how to paraphrase and correctly cite the original source.

Evaluating Sources

When you Google for sources, be sure you understand where they come from!

Librarian